What Is Gliadin?

Gliadin is one of two types of proteins, along with glutenin–that are the components of the gluten in wheat. It is the part of the gluten that contains specific amino acids sequences that people react to if they have Celiac Disease or another form of gluten sensitivity, except for some gluten allergies.

Barley has a similar protein called hordein, and rye has one called secalin. These both contain the same amino acid sequences that cause problems in people with gluten sensitivity. These three proteins: gliadin, hordein and secalin, are in a category of proteins called prolamins that are present in all the grains of the grass family. The family also includes oats, corn, rice, millet and others.

In oats the prolamin is called avenin. Avenin may cause problems in some people with gluten sensitivities because avenin contains some of the same problematic amino acids as the prolamins in wheat, rye and barley–just in lower amounts. The other grains don’t contain those sequences.
Find out more: Are Oats Gluten Free?

Role In Celiac Disease

In gluten sensitive people the presence of prolamins in the small intestine causes the immune system to produce antibodies. These may lead to damage of the intestine if the conditions are such that Celiac Disease is the problem.

These antibodies are useful in pre-screening for Celiac Disease, but only indicate that there is some gluten sensitivity. It’s not necessarily Celiac Disease. That’s why further testing is necessary to confirm Celiac Disease, usually a biopsy. For more info see What is Celiac Disease?
back to top

Return from What Is Gliadin? to What Is Gluten Free? and Other FAQs

Return to Gluten Free Around The World Home

New! Comments

Have something to say? Leave a comment in the box below.

New! Comments

Have something to say? Leave a comment in the box below.
Subscribe to my monthly e-zine and
receive FREE Gluten Free Recipes!

E-mail Address 

Your First Name


Your e-mail address is totally secure.
I promise to use it only to send you
The Gluten Free Nomad.

      For a head’s up when I post
recipes and gluten free discoveries:

       Pat’s Gluten Free Blog subscribe in a reader

       Pat’s Gluten Free Blog by email subscribe by email


        Gluten Free Around The World on Facebook become a facebook fan

Protected by Copyscape Web Copyright Protection Software